Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in every cell in the body. It comes in two forms – high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). HDL is often called “good” cholesterol because it removes LDL from the bloodstream and takes it to the liver where it can be broken down and removed from the body. This reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke.
LDL, on the other hand, is referred to as “bad” cholesterol. It can stick to the walls of arteries and cause blockages, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. High levels of LDL cholesterol are a significant risk factor for heart disease.
Apart from HDL and LDL, there are other types of cholesterol too, including very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and triglycerides. High levels of VLDL can lead to high levels of LDL, while high levels of triglycerides can also increase the risk of heart disease.
Maintaining a healthy balance of HDL and LDL cholesterol is crucial for good health. Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and fiber while avoiding foods high in saturated and trans fats can lower LDL cholesterol levels. Regular exercise and quitting smoking can increase HDL cholesterol levels and improve heart health. Medication may also be prescribed to lower LDL cholesterol levels if necessary.
Veronica is dedicated and experienced nutritionist and certified health coach who specializes in functional medicine, She's a published author, nutritional instructor, WBFF professional figure athlete, and both the brains and beauty behind all that Makeover Nutrition offers.
Veronica is also the President & CEO of a BC based health and wellness association; Pacific Alliance of Body Care.